Winter rains were followed by a warm, dry spring in Napa Valley that led to a perfectly timed budbreak. With lovely weather throughout summer, all of our white varieties were harvested before a week-long heat event during the last week of August, resulting in Chardonnay and Viognier with excellent acids and enticing aromas. Because the early-season rains produced healthy canopies, our red grapes developed perfectly during the heat. After a timely cooldown that provided additional hangtime, our reds were harvested in September and early October, yielding bold and robust wines with beautifully polished tannins.


Intense, complex and cerebral, this wine begins with dark, brooding aromas of blackberry, plum, cedar cigar box, allspice and cracked peppercorns. The palate offers robust mountain tannins that add structure and depth to the dark berry and black cherry flavors, with notes of tar, mocha and nutmeg pleasantly lingering on the long, resonant finish.


Aged 18 months in 100% French oak and 60% new.